How well controlled is your Diabetes?

A number of blood , urine , and other tests are necessary to check how well your diabetes is being controlled. For U.S.A. measurement units, see conversions. These are my results for 1999-2001.

Test Frequency Goal Notes
My Results
Nov99
Nov00
Mar01
May01
Aug01
Nov01
Weight 3 months Below 1801bs Pay attention to diet and exercise
220
208
202
200
200
202
Fasting Blood Suger 3 months 4.0-7.0 mmol/L Also premeal target (nondiabetic: 3.8-6.1); postmeal target is 5-11 mmol/L (nondiabetic: 4.4-7.0) Dec97=6.8
5.9
16.7
7.0
7.5
8.6
7.7
Meter Check 3 months Within 10% Check meter within 10 minutes of lab samples (-1.4%, -9%, -3.5%, -10.4%)
-
-
6.9
6.8
8.3
6.9
Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) 3 months Below 7%

Range varies with the laboratory, but it is usually 4%-8% of total hemoglobin (nondiabetic: 4-6%) Dec97=6.1

-
11.2
6.6
6.5
6.7
6.4
Blood Pressure 3 months Below 125/75 Inhibace tends to lower pressure
-
-
120/80
112/80
135/92
138/84
Cholesterol 3 months < 5.2 Nov-Mar: -24%; Mar-May: +12%; May-Aug: -1%; Aug-Nov: +0.4%
4.86
5.98
4.57
5.12
5.07
5.09
Triglycerides (TG) 3 months < 2.0 Nov-Mar: -54%; Mar-May: +23%; May-Aug: +34%; Aug-Nov: +43%
1.70
2.25
1.04
1.28
1.71
2.44
LDL 3 months < 2.5 Nov-Mar: -19%; Mar-May:+14%; May-Aug: -4%; Aug-Nov: -8%
3.04
3.69
2.98
3.40
3.26
3.01
HDL 3 months > 1.2 Nov-Mar: -12%; Mar-May: +4%; May-Aug: -10%
1.04
1.26
1.11
1.15
1.03
0.96
Cholestorol/HDL 3 months < 4.0 Nov-Mar: -13%; Mar-May: +8%; May-Aug: +13%; Aug-Nov: +4.5%
4.67
4.75
4.12
4.47
5.07
5.30
Urine/Protein Annual negative Checks for kidney disease
-
+35
-
-
-
-
Urine/Microalbumin Annual <20 mg/day Checks for kidney disease
-
24
-
-
-
20
Microalbumin/Creatinine Annual <2.0 mg/mmol Checks for kidney disease
-
-
-
-
-
1.3
Thyroid -stimulating Hormone Test (sTSH) 5 years 0.3-5.50 mU/L Checks for hypothyroidism which can have a major impact on the body's use of fats, proteins, carbs, vitamins, other hormones & drugs
-
-
-
-
-
3.24
Flu Vaccine Annual - Diabetics are in the high risk category for contracting influenza, which is highly contagious & usually results in a cough, fever, chills, sore throat, headache, muscle aches & fatigue that lasts 3-5 days; but it can also lead to pneumonia, hospitalization, & death (it kills 10k to 20k people in USA alone every year)
-
-
-
-
-
Oct30, 2001
Pneumococcal vaccine 5 years - Diabetics are in the high risk category for contracting pneumococcal disease, which can cause bacterial meningitis, blood infection (sepsis), bacterial pneumonia, & upper respiratory tract infections such as ear infection (acute otitis media) & sinusitis
-
-
Mar15, 2001
-
-
-
Testosterone 5 years 8-37 nmol/L May affect sex drive & energy levels; decreases with age; may need to replace
-
-
-
10.7
-
-
Testoterone Bio Availability 5 years 3-12 nmol/L Normal level for age
-
-
-
5.0
-
-
Eye Exam Annual - Ophthalmologist to check for retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma. Nov00: blurred long-distance vision. Nov01: no sign of problems
-
Nov03, 2000
-
-
-
Nov30, 2001
Eyes Daily - Pay attention to blurred vision, frequent headaches, inability to see in dark, floating spots, colored rings or halos , decrease in side vision
-
-
-
-
-
-
Blood Glucose 6/day Fast & premeal : < 6mmol/L Postmeal: < 9mmol/L Record all test results. Follow Zone diet. Exercise daily. Don't eat if level above 6mmol/L
-
-
-
-
-
-
Feet Daily - Inspect for loss of sensation, cuts, abrasions, corns, calluses, warts
-
-
-
-
-
-
Teeth and mouth Daily - Pay attention to swollen or sore gums, bad breath, painful or loose teeth. Clean teeth and floss twice/day. Clean dentures daily. See dentist every 6 months.
-
-
-
-
-
-
Cardiovascular Daily - Watch for chest pain (tightness or burning), unexplained tiredness, shortness of breath, ankle swelling
-
-
-
-
-
-
Nerves Daily - Pay attention to any numbness, tingling, or unusual pains
-
-
-
-
-
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